List of game modes

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The world of Team Fortress 2.
For a full list of all maps, see List of maps.

This is a list of game modes in Team Fortress 2. Initially, the game shipped with only three game modes: Capture the Flag, Control Point, and Territorial Control. Numerous updates have added eleven new game modes (Payload, Arena, King of the Hill, Payload Race, Medieval Mode, Special Delivery, Mann vs. Machine, Robot Destruction, Mannpower, PASS Time, and Player Destruction) making fourteen official game modes, along with two training maps. These game modes are spread across 86 official maps and offer a great variety of play styles and games in Team Fortress 2.


Gametype arena.png
Main article: Arena
See also: Arena tips
I say this to you with the unvarnished factualism of plain talk: I love Arena Mode.
Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, 1865

Arena maps are designed to keep the class diversity of Team Fortress 2 while focusing goals around combat between two teams. Whereas other game modes lean towards a broad, overall strategy for the team, Arena concentrates on the specific tactical choices the teams make in a single fight. Arena maps carry the arena_ prefix.

Arena Mode features smaller maps to ensure shorter matches because you don't respawn after death. When you die in Arena Mode, you will enter spectate mode until the round is finished. The maps usually feature a control point in the middle of the map and tend to be just normal King of the Hill maps with no-respawn.

Sometimes if the teams are unbalanced a message will appear to two people saying "CAREFUL if you lose this round you may have to sit out" and if their team loses that round the player will be in spectator until the upcoming round.

Loadouts changed during the countdown before the match will not do so in-game unless the player commits suicide using explosions or the kill or explode console commands. Changing classes and back will also work.

The First Blood buff is unique to Arena Mode. If a player gets the first kill of a round, they are temporarily awarded full critical hits.

Arena maps:

Capture the Flag

Gametype ctf.png
Main article: Capture the Flag
Wave goodbye to ya secret crap, dumbass!
The Scout

Capture the Flag features both RED and BLU bases, each containing its own Intelligence briefcase (also known as "The flag" and "The Intelligence"). The goal for both teams is to capture the enemy's Intelligence until they have reached the game's capture limit (default limit is 3 captures) while preventing their enemy from achieving the same.

Both team's Intelligence are typically located deep within their territory, usually in a symmetrical location from each other, in an area known as the "Intelligence Room". To pick up the Intelligence the player must touch the enemy's briefcase. While holding the enemy's Intelligence, the player must bring it to the location of their Intelligence where they must enter their 'capture zone' (indicated by the yellow and black lines) in order to successfully capture it. After each successful capture, your team will be rewarded with ten seconds of crit boost.

If the Intelligence carrier is killed or the Intelligence is intentionally dropped, the Administrator informs the teams over the loudspeaker and the Briefcase will remain stationary for 60 seconds, with a timer shown above the Intelligence indicating how much time is left before it is returned to the Intelligence room. During that time the Intelligence can be picked up as normal. Each time the Intelligence is dropped, the timer is reset. The enemy cannot move or reset the Intelligence themselves. The Intelligence cannot be carried by players with an invulnerability buff (i.e. ÜberCharged players and Scouts under the effects of Bonk! Atomic Punch) and Intelligence carriers cannot receive an invulnerability buff. The Intelligence also may not be picked up by a Soldier wielding the Rocket Jumper or a Demoman using the Sticky Jumper. Cloaked Spies cannot pick up Intelligence until their Cloak has been turned off. However, if a Spy does acquire the Intelligence then they will lose their disguise and no longer be able to change their disguise or Cloak. An exception to this is the Dead Ringer, which will force the Spy to drop the Intelligence, and Cloak as normal.

If the Intelligence carrier dies in a normally inaccessible part of the map, i.e. falling into a pit or off a cliff, the Intelligence is immediately returned to its starting location in the Intelligence room. If no team completes the capture limit before time runs out, the match will enter Sudden Death mode.

Unlike variants of Capture the Flag in other games, you can make a capture without actually having your Intelligence at your base.

Capture the Flag maps:

Competitive Mode

Meet Your Match.png
Main article: Competitive Mode
At least you didn't disappoint me more than usual.
The Administrator

Competitive Mode is an official game mode released for Team Fortress 2. The mode is accessible only by having a Premium TF2 account and steam mobile authenticator enabled, owning a Competitive Matchmaking Pass, or owning a Community or Self-Made quality item. If a player has a Premium account but has had a VAC ban on their account, the only way to get it is to buy a pass from the Mann Co. Store. The "Play Competitive" button will only appear if the player has associated their Steam account with the Steam Mobile Authenticator and has joined the official Team Fortress 2 Competitive Steam Group, even if they meet the requirements above. Like regular matches, there are no bans to any weapon and/or class that can be used.

Competitive Mode maps:

Control Point

Gametype cp.png
Main article: Control Point (game mode)
See also: Control point (objective)
This point ain't gonna cap itself! Get over here!
The Engineer

Control Point maps have two main types of game modes.

Control points are circular platforms with a team-colored light and hologram in the center (neutral points will have a white light and hologram). To capture a point owned by the enemy team, the player simply stands on the point until the capture meter fills with his or her team color. The more players on a point, the faster it will capture, though only to a limited extent. Scouts, as well as Soldiers/Demomen with the Pain Train equipped, count as 2 players when capturing control points. Capture progress will not be made when players of both teams are on the control point. If all the capturing players are killed or driven off before the capture is completed, the capture progress will not reset immediately, but instead will slowly fade away.

There are three states for a capture point:

There are four main types of Control Point maps – Symmetrical Control Point, Domination Control Point, Attack/Defend, and Medieval Attack/Defend.

Symmetrical Control Point

In Symmetrical Control Point, or Linear Control Point, both teams start with two controlled points, and a central point starts out neutral. The team that captures all control points wins. Traditional Control Point maps will go into Sudden Death (or Stalemate) if no team captures all the control points before times runs out. Control points closer to a team's spawn point are captured more quickly by the enemy team.

Symmetrical Control Point maps:

Domination Control Point

Domination Control Point, maps play symmetrically. Both teams start with no controlled points, and all points start out neutral. The team that captures all control points wins. Traditional Control Point maps will go into Sudden Death (or Stalemate) if no team captures all the control points before times runs out. Unlike Symmetric Control Point, once a team has all three points they win regardless of how much capture progress the other team has.

Domination Control Point maps:


Gametype ad.png
Next time you'll bloody ask before you stand on my point.
The Demoman

Attack/Defend maps play asymmetrically. RED begins with all the points in their control. BLU wins if it captures all of RED's points. Points may only be captured in a set order (though some maps, such as Gravel Pit and Steel, may make exceptions). RED wins if it prevents BLU from capturing all points before the timer expires. Points captured by BLU are locked and cannot be captured again by RED.

Attack/Defend maps can come in various styles. Some maps, such as Dustbowl and Egypt, require the BLU team to capture three stages of two control points each to win the game. If the attacking team fails to win any stage, teams will switch and the defenders will then take a turn as the attackers, beginning with stage 1. Other maps such as Gravel Pit and Junction allow the attacker to capture two points in any order (points A or B) before attacking the final point (point C). Steel is a unique Attack/Defend map in that capturing each minor capture point (points A, B, C, and D) will allow better accessibility to the main point (point E), such as allowing more routes into point E or extending bridges to the point so that classes without special jumps can capture it. Thus means that one unnoticed Scout can capture and win games without the team even realizing.

Attack/Defend maps:

Medieval Attack/Defend

Gette It Onne!
How did the manly men of Team Fortress 2 appear at a tenth-century battlement? Simple. The Soldier angered a magician.

Medieval Attack/Defend is a part of Medieval Mode, added during the Australian Christmas update and was given dedicated Valve Servers in the April 25, 2016 Patch. It plays like regular Attack/Defend, but with one major twist: all guns are removed, and only Olde weapons can be used and players also drop small health kits on death, instead of a medium ammo crate. Text chat is filtered (to Olde English) to resemble the language of the era (though with considerable inaccuracy) and the map is Medieval-themed. Another main (non-cosmetic) feature about this game mode is the added feature of flaming torches located in strategic points; these torches can set Huntsman (Fortified Compound) arrows on fire on contact (before shooting the arrow).

Medieval Attack/Defend maps:

King of the Hill

Gametype koth.png
Main article: King of the Hill
Since their discovery in 1895, hills have fascinated kings.
The Classless Update

King of the Hill is similar to Arena. King of the Hill focuses on a single control point at the center of the map, which is neutral and locked at the beginning of the round. Teams must make their way to the control point and capture it when it becomes available. Once the point is captured by a team, their team clock will start a three-minute countdown. If the enemy team manages to capture the point back, their clock will start counting down while the other team’s clock freezes at the time the point was recaptured. A team wins once they own the point and their three minutes is expired and the other team's capture progress is gone.

King of the Hill maps:

Mann vs. Machine

Main article: Mann vs. Machine (game mode)
Main menu button mvm.png

More rubble, less trouble!
The Heavy

Mann vs. Machine is a Game Mode that was released in the update of the same name. In this game mode, a team of three to six players must fend off a horde of robots attempting to carry a bomb to one of Mann Co.'s strongholds. Upgrades and Canteen power-ups can be purchased at the spawn point using cash picked up by the players upon destroying a robot (not every robot drops cash). A bonus amount of cash will be awarded to the team if all the cash from a wave is picked up.

All classes and most weapons have different upgrade abilities such as movement speed, charge duration, or the amount of ammo the player can hold. Surviving all the waves will complete the mission. Upon the completion of a player's first mission, they will receive a Canteen.

There are currently 5 operations and 29 missions (some missions aren't part of any operation) in Mann vs. Machine.

Mann vs. Machine maps:


Gametype mannpower.png
Main article: Mannpower
I hope I didn't scare you with my face-to-face man fightin!
The Demoman

Mannpower is a modified version of capture the flag in which teams must capture the enemy's Intelligence briefcase a set number of times (default limit is 7 captures) while preventing the enemy from doing the same. The game mode is characterized by its usage of grappling hooks and twelve unique power-ups.

Grappling hooks, usable by switching to them or by pressing the action key, will latch onto the surface the player is looking at, whether it be a wall, floor, ceiling, or even an enemy. Once attached, players will automatically be reeled in, traveling through the air in a straight path to the desired location. If the grappling hook is attached to an enemy, the enemy will take bleed damage until the player dies or releases the hook. Players can jump while grappling, giving them a boost to scale ledges. While the player is using the grappling hook, they cannot fire their weapons.

Power-ups provide passive buffs (with the exception of Supernova) to the players who pick them up. These buffs range from increased movement speed to reflecting damage back at the enemy. At the start of each round, a set number of power-ups spawn throughout the map and can be picked up by players from either team. When a powered-up player is killed, they will drop the power-up in the color of the enemy team, restricting their teammates from claiming it directly after the player's death. If colored power-ups are not picked up after a certain time period, they will respawn in the appropriate team's base. Players can deliberately drop power-ups with the same key used to drop the Intelligence briefcase. If they do so, the power-up will be neutral instead of team-colored.

Mannpower currently runs on modified ctf_ versions of Gorge, and Thunder Mountain, as well as a map made specifically for the mode, Hellfire. Whenever players respawn, they will be given a few seconds of invulnerability. Unlike standard CTF maps, where the intelligence briefcases are located in "intelligence rooms," briefcases in Mannpower mode are out in the open and susceptible to theft from many directions. Players with a power-up will receive a grapple speed penalty when carrying the Intelligence, and players without one will gain health regeneration. After a team successfully captures the Intelligence, both capture zones will be disabled for 30 seconds. If a team imbalance is detected, the losing team will get a "Revenge" power-up, granting them temporary crits, increased fire rate, and increased clip size.

List of Power Ups: Strength - Double damage for all weapons. Distance damage fall-off immunity. Resistance - Reduces incoming damage by 50%. Immune to critical hit damage multiplier. Vampire - All damage dealt is returned as health. 25% damage resistance. Max health increased by 40%. Warlock - 50% of damage received is reflected back to the attacker (reflected damage cannot directly cause death). Max health increased by 50%. Haste - Double weapon firing and reload rate. Double clip size and max ammo count. Movement speed increased by 30%. Regeneration - Ammo, health, and metal regenerate. The rate of health regeneration is inversely proportional to max health. Precision - Greatly reduced bullet spread. Distance damage falloff immunity. Rocket and grenade travel speed increased 250%. Agility - Movement speed increased by 50%. Grapple speed increase. Jump height increased by 80%. Instant weapon switch. Critical Hit - temporary full crit power for 30 seconds. Respawns in the same place after 60 seconds.

Mannpower maps:


Main article: PASS Time
Gametype passtime.png
Play ball!
The Scout

Pass Time is a game mode for TF2 that combines the traditional battling in Team Fortress with the real sports of soccer, hockey, and basketball. It is a heavily team-based game mode and it is critical that you have teamwork when playing it. There are many perks and jump pads to assist you. However if the match ends in a tie, Sudden Death begins. It also adds a voice command to get your team to pass the ball to you.

PASS Time maps:


Gametype payload.png
Main article: Payload
Onward, great bomb-cart!
The Heavy

In Payload maps, BLU team must escort a cart full of explosives through a series of checkpoints and into RED's base within a certain amount of time. BLU team members move or 'push' the cart by standing next to it - the more people next to the cart, the faster it moves (up to a maximum capture rate of three). Any RED team member standing near the cart will stop it from venturing further regardless of the number of BLU team members on the cart. If no BLU players push the cart for 30 seconds, the cart will start moving backward slowly until it reaches a checkpoint, BLU spawn, an uphill slope (in certain maps) or is pushed by BLU team members again, which will also reset the timer. The cart functions as a level 1 Dispenser for BLU team (and disguised enemy Spies) to restore health and ammunition to those pushing it. Ammunition is not restored to players standing at the front of the cart.

Some maps have flanking routes that open when a specific point is taken.

There are two distinct types of Payload missions; the type depends on the map. Some maps, namely Gold Rush, Hoodoo, and Thunder Mountain play similarly to Dustbowl by splitting the mission into three sections, each with two checkpoints, with the exception of the final stage on Gold Rush and Thunder Mountain, where there are two checkpoints and the final cap, resulting in BLU Blowing up RED's base. Time is added whenever BLU captures a non-stage winning point. The other type of Payload mission (on Badwater Basin, Barnblitz, Borneo, Frontier, and Upward) is similar to Mountain Lab by having all checkpoints within one large stage, with larger time bonuses for BLU upon successful cap. There are also fewer total checkpoints, resulting in three checkpoints and a final point, where BLU can win the game and blow up RED's base, often with a spectacular explosion wiping out everyone around the bomb cart.

Standard Payload maps:

Three-Section Payload Maps:

Payload Race

Gametype plr.png
Main article: Payload Race
Two teams. Two carts. Two tracks. Hilarity ensues.
In-game Summary

Unlike standard Payload maps, Payload Race maps feature both RED and BLU teams issued with a cart; neither team is restricted to an attacking or defending role, with both teams assuming characteristics of both roles. To win, each team must simultaneously push their cart through enemy territory to reach the final point while preventing the enemy team from doing the same. As with Payload mode, team members push the cart by standing next to it, with more members increasing the speed of the cart and opposing team members halting it.

Unlike Payload mode, the cart will not move backward after any duration of time and there is no time limit; the map will only end when one team successfully pushes their cart to the finishing point. Each cart works as a level 1 Dispenser for their team (and disguised enemy Spies), restoring health and ammunition to those pushing the cart. Parts of the track may feature slopes on which the cart will quickly roll back down to the bottom unless it is being constantly pushed. In many maps, there are uphill pushes. Should the cart pushers be killed or move away from the cart, the cart will slide down the ramp to its original state.

Payload Race maps may or may not be split into multiple rounds.

Payload Race maps:

Player Destruction

Gamemode invasion.png
Main article: Player Destruction
I'm drunk - you don't have an excuse!
The Demoman on drunken UFO pilots

Player Destruction is a community-created Game Mode added as part of the Invasion Update. This game mode focuses on teams collecting bottles of beer by killing enemy players and then jumping into the UFO tractor beam in the middle of the map in order to add them to their team's score. Whenever a player is killed, they will drop all their currently held beer, which can be picked up by both teams.

The player on each team with the largest amount of beers will provide health and ammo equal to a Level 1 Dispenser to themselves and teammates, but will also be constantly visible to both teams along with the number of beers they possess.

Player Destruction maps:

Special Delivery

Gametype sd.png
Main article: Special Delivery (Game Mode)
"Gentlemen, today we launch a monkey into space."
The Administrator

Special Delivery is a Game Mode released as part of the Pyromania Update. In this game mode, an initially neutral briefcase of Australium must be transported to Poopy Joe's rocket before the opposing team can do the same.

If a player picks up the Australium and is killed while holding it, only players from the same team as the recently-deceased Australium carrier can pick it up again. If the team fails to do so within 45 seconds, the Australium is sent back to its original position and reverts back to neutral.

The player who has a hold of the Australium must stand on the platform, which will be raised to the compartment located at the nose cone of the rocket. The player has to remain on the platform until the compartment hatch fully opens and is ready to receive the Australium. Once the Australium is deposited into the compartment, the rocket launches off and the team wins the round.

Special Delivery maps:

Territorial Control

Hydro map
Main article: Territorial Control
We have you surrounded, at least from this side!
The Soldier

In Territorial Control, the goal is to take over the entire map by capturing "territories". Each game is randomly selected from the six available layouts in a 'point against point' game where both teams must capture the opposite point while defending their own. After a team successfully captures the opposite point, the next round takes place in a different area of the map which is also randomly selected. After a team captures all four territories, that team must capture the enemy team's base. If the base point is captured (in Hydro, the Radar Dish for RED, the Power Plant for BLU), the attacking team wins the game. When the next round begins, territories are reset and a new random layout is selected. The Territorial Control game mode is not very popular amongst players.

In any game in TC (except in RED/BLU base games), if a control point is not captured within the eight minute time clock, the game then will go into Sudden Death mode.

Territorial control maps:

Training Mode

Training basic.png
Training offlinepractice.png
Main article: Training mode
My 11th PhD is in Applied Ass-Kicking!
The Engineer

Training maps are intended to teach the basics of gameplay and advanced techniques on wooden targets and bots. Training Mode shipped with the Mac Update, which introduced two official training maps. The Offline Practice allows for new and unfamiliar players to train on specific game modes, along with the capability to adjust the difficulty scale of bots to suit the player.

Training maps

Brandon Reinhart indirectly announced on the Official TF2 Blog on July 28, 2010 that Corey Peters is currently working on another official training map,[1] though details are as of yet unknown for which class or what gameplay mechanics it is focusing on.

Current training classes are:


Highlander tournament prize
There can be only one!
The Demoman

Highlander mode restricts the number of players of each team to 9 players and only allows one player per class on each team. It is applicable to any game mode and can be activated by entering mp_highlander 1 into the console.

The idea behind Highlander mode existed previous to its official inclusion in the game and had been implemented in server mods. Highlander mode was officially added in the February 3, 2010 Patch.

The game mode's name is a reference to the Highlander film series, where the phrase "There can be only one" was often repeated; this references the limitation of one player per class.

Dueling Mini-Game

Dueling Mini-game
Main article: Dueling Mini-Game
Let's settle this like gentlemen!
The Spy

A mini-game released in the Mann-Conomy Update, the Dueling Mini-Game is an Action Item that can be purchased in the Mann Co. Store, received via trading, or found via the drop system. When loaded into the action slot, the item can be triggered to put the user against one person on the opposing team, provided they accept the challenge. Until the end of the round, points are gained by killing, or assisting in a kill. Kills of the two players dueling are tracked, and the player with the most points wins the "duel" when the round ends. If one of the players disconnects or leaves the match, a short duel ban will be issued to that player. The item itself has a maximum of 5 uses and is usable on all official maps. After participating in your first duel, a Bronze Dueling Badge will be granted which will level up to Silver, Gold, and finally Platinum as you gain more wins. For every 10 wins, an extra Dueling Minigame is granted.

Tournament Mode

Tournament Mode header
Main article: Tournament Mode
Dominated, hippie! Get a job!
The Soldier

Tournament Mode is used mostly on competitive servers. It allows for the creation of custom teams, and the ability to track the success of a particular team over multiple games. A user interface is present for naming teams, and once team members have been organized, teams must say they are ready to start the game. In tournament mode, there is no limit to team player limits and no autobalancing.

Community mods

TF2Ware, a community mod by Mecha the Slag
Main article: Custom Mods
Never bring a bat to a battlefield, war is not a game.
The Soldier

Community game mode mods are custom, unofficial game modes, produced by talented community members. They vary from remakes of Team Fortress Classic game modes to completely original modes like Saxton Hale and may change anything about the way a class works from their core mechanics to the weapons they carry. Some modes even add new enemies for the RED and BLU teams to fight or put the player in the shoes of someone or something they couldn't play in an official mode. Some game mode mods have been honorably mentioned by Valve on the TF2 Official Blog.

Unused content

  • There was a planned Courier game mode in development which for unknown reasons was scrapped. There is still an existing Announcer voiceline in the files which was going to be used in this game mode and the class Civilian that can be used with commands.

Upcoming Modes

Robot Destruction

Main article: Robot Destruction
Beta rd blueprints.png
Oh, I vill tear you apart, bolt by bolt!
The Medic

Robot destruction is an upcoming game mode currently in beta. While it has not yet been officially released, it can be played by setting up a beta server or searching for a round using the multiplayer menu. So far there is only one known map using this game mode. This map takes place on a moon base map Valve mentioned and showed concept art for in an earlier TF2 update post. The game mode is similar to capture the flag, but instead involves destroying enemy robots and stealing their power cores. Once stolen, power cores (unlike a normal Intelligence briefcase) are instantly stored in a vault once touched. The enemy team can go to their opponent's vault and steal their power cores back to slow down the enemy team from winning. The map itself isn't finished with, as there is a lack of proper textures, but does include new robot NPCs that have brand new textures (aside from a few using the ÜberCharge texture showing that it's locked, but it's assumed that it's only a placeholder). When this map and game mode will be released together officially is unknown.

Robot Destruction maps:

See also