Capping (Control Point: Competitive)
Capping is a term that means the act of capturing a control point in the Standard Control Point, King Of The Hill, Territorial Control, Arena and Attack/Defend game modes. Control Points are captured when a player of any class stands on a contested control point, and after a certain period of time the control point will convert to the color of the team that captured it, if the capturer is not killed or the enemy fails to block the capture. Capping is the primary objective in many modes of Team Fortress 2.
Capping works the same way in every game mode, however the time required to capture a point can vary between modes and maps. In some game modes such as King of the Hill, it is necessary for the team that owns the point to defend it after they have captured it. A point can be captured anywhere within the hazard tape that surrounds it.
Strategy - Control points
The Scout benefits from a capture rate double that of other classes, giving Scouts an advantage in capturing control points. The Scout also has the ability to easily dodge incoming damage due to his double jump ability. This is very useful on certain control points, such as Badlands Spire, where an enemy Demoman can easily spam stickies onto the point. However, the Pain Train, a melee weapon for the Soldier and Demoman classes, improves their cap rates to equal that of the Scout – making these three classes excellent for rapidly capturing a point.
When these classes work together, they can provide a devastating offensive and allow themselves to punch through to the point and hold it just long enough to capture it. However, this is easier with support from other classes such as Pyros and Medics. A Medic's ÜberCharge can be an enormous help when pushing back the defending team, however Übered players cannot themselves cap a point. Additionally, Heavies can provide additional assistance as their high health increases the time a player is on the point.
Engineers can set up Sentries and Teleporters around a control point to help their team fight the defending team, and help get to the control point faster, especially if the control point is far away. Also, if using this offensive strategy, the Gunslinger melee weapon for the Engineer is very useful for quick deployment of sentry guns and also requires less metal to build. Players should remember to check for Demoman sticky bombs on the point and destroy them or the Demoman himself (a recommended class for this is the sniper due to his ability to dispatch bombs and enemies from a long distance) to avoid a failure of a direct assault from your team.
Stealth can also be used to rapidly capture points. Using his cloak and disguise, the Spy can easily slip past the front line undetected and hide on a locked control point further ahead. This means that when the previous point is captured and the next one unlocked, a Spy can capture it before the defending team has time to reach the point and set up a good defense. However, a Spy is unable to capture a point while invisible or disguised, so he must expose himself just before the point becomes available for the greatest success. This is called back-capping. This is very successful when your team is losing and they have a slight chance of getting the 1st point. On occasion, the Scout can also do this, but it is usually much harder for a Scout to reach the point and hide there.
Soldier has many benefits when it comes to control points. The Soldier can use his rocket launcher to blast through the enemy front line. Or you can always take the high way in, this means equipping the gunboats (if you have them) and rocket jumping in. Rocket jumping requires you to look down and instantly crouch and shoot. It does damage to you but it will be worth those extra couple points. Typically you can blast easier but if all fails you now know rocket jumping can be used. Just be warned of your environment such as cliffs, ledges, and hidden enemies.
Strategy - Intel
In a typical CTF map, the Intel is deep within the enemy base and thus capping the Intel in CTF usually requires team coordination to be able to fight through many enemies. Occasionally the enemy team may be completely disorganized with no one defending the Intel, in which case, a Spy or Scout can simply run out with it. The most common defense for the Intel is the Engineer's Sentry Gun, combined with the natural barrier of enemies leaving the base and often patrolling around it or covering the sentries' blind spots. Heavies equipped with the Brass Beast are also good defenders of Intel due to the small space they have to defend.
Usually, a team will attempt to capture the Intel with a "Push". A Push involves several teammates working together, typically with a Heavy and Medic supporting them to easily cut through the enemy base and the sentries blocking the way to the Intel. After one of the team members takes the Intel they will often have to fight their way out with survivors from the Push and the teammates coming into the enemy base. Spies can be useful in taking the intelligence as they can sap sentries and backstab Engineers, Heavies, and other classes key to defending the intelligence.
The Intelligence itself needs to be picked up by a member of the team not using special items such as Bonk! Atomic Punch, any player being Ubercharged by a medic, and other items similar to these. The intelligence will be dropped if the user activates one of the abilities, or is killed. The intelligence is then available to any other player currently playing on the opposing team, as well as not using special items. When the Intelligence is dropped, it has a timer of 30 seconds before it resets and appears back at the enemy's base.
Standard Competitive Control Point maps
Note: Community maps are identified in italics.